Advantages & Disadvantages Of Wind Power In Spain


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windmills built in a hill

What are advantages and disadvantages of wind power in Spain? In its quest to become the world’s leading green energy supplier, Spain has installed more wind turbines than any other country in Europe with a population over 4.5 million people. This article will look at the advantages and disadvantages of wind power in Spain”.

Many countries around the globe utilize wind power to reduce their carbon footprint. However, not all countries are as enthusiastic as Spain when it comes to this renewable energy source, due to concerns that it can impact regional weather patterns or contribute to changes in tourism.

With more nations considering renewable and sustainable sources for their energy needs, many people want a deeper understanding of what effect these alternatives have on the environment.

What Is A Wind Power?

A wind power is a device that converts the energy contained in wind into another useful form of energy. Wind turbines are typically used to generate electricity, but they can also be used to produce mechanical energy as well as heat. Many turbines use the vertical-axis design, while other designs are horizontal.

The design type chosen depends on the application. The horizontal-axis units are more common for industrial purposes, while wind turbines for utility applications are typically vertical-axis designs. Residential wind turbines, on the other hand, can be either vertical or horizontal.

The main advantage of a Wind Turbine is that it can power everything from small homes to medium sized communities to even entire countries at times. When using wind energy as a source of power one must also take into consideration that there is more than just one source of wind energy and they do vary depending on where they are located and what time of year it is.

Nowadays, wind turbines are being built in many parts of the world. They are used as sources of electrical power for homes and businesses as well as to derive mechanical energy, which can be used to run machinery by windmills and watermills. Wind is one of the most powerful natural energy sources on the planet.

Using wind turbines makes it possible to derive a large quantity of electricity without producing harmful emissions and without using any fuel except from the wind itself. Wind-powered turbines can generate high volumes of electricity in areas where there is constant airflow, such as coastal areas or mountainous terrains that have strong winds throughout the year.

The main disadvantage of wind turbines is that they have very high initial installation costs. This is due to the fact that wind turbines are complex machines, which require a number of components and control systems. But, once they are manufactured and installed, wind turbines have very little maintenance costs.

The basic principle of wind energy is simple. A series of sails or blades mounted around a rotor catch the wind and translate its kinetic energy into rotational energy. Traditional windmills use that rotational energy to grind grain or pump water.

But in modern wind turbines, it turns a generator that creates electricity. This is then fed into the utility grid for consumers within the vicinity to use.

Wind energy is particularly advantageous in areas which have large amounts of it. Wind farms can be built in areas that have relatively little population but are not far from a large city, which is the place where electricity will be purchased by people.

There are many benefits to using wind power as an alternative energy source to fossil fuels and other conventional means of power generation.

windmills built on a high hill environment to generate power

How Do Wind Turbines Work?
The most common types of wind turbines are vertical-axis, horizontal-axis and their derivatives such as the eggbeater design or Darrieus rotor. These are used in different ways in applications as diverse as pumping water from underground aquifers or for use in generating electricity on residential homes and commercial buildings to power all the electrical appliances in these buildings.

The Darrieus rotor differs from traditional windmills in that it does not have a counterbalance, which is the heavy object fitted on top of the shaft.

The Darrieus rotor is a much more efficient and powerful design than the traditional windmill. This design of the turbine was patented by Georges Jean Marie Darrieus, a French aeronautical engineer; filing for the patent was October 1, 1926.

Wind turbines work by extracting energy from the wind. The turbine does this by grabbing the wind with its blades and spinning around and around. Inside the turbine, a shaft connects the turbines to a generator, which is then able to create electricity.

Now that we have gotten a well detailed knowledge about wind power and how wind turbine works, let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of wind power in Spain.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Wind Power In Spain?

Spain has installed more wind turbines than any other country in Europe with a population over 4.5 million people. This article will look at the advantages and disadvantages of wind power in spain.

There are concerns about how Spain’s weather patterns can be impacted by wind farms, as well as worries about the effect these massive farms will have on tourism in areas where they are sited. The large amount of pressure on small areas can often lead to low yields because it would be too expensive to generate electricity every hour of every day.

Here we will be discussing about the disadvantages and disadvantages of wind power in Spain. Firstly, we will be looking at the advantages of wind power in Spain.

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Advantages Of Wind Power In Spain

  1. Spain produces some 43% of its electricity from renewable sources such as wind and hydropower. These renewable energy sources along with nuclear power meet approximately 64% of Spain’s electricity demand. This is an impressive figure because it is considerable to reach this level without the use of large scale centralized facilities, which were built in the past.
  2. Wind turbines have been used in Spain since the 1940’s. In 2009, Spain announced plans to install as many as 130,000 wind turbines on its land over the next 20 years.
  3. Along with the increase of wind farms in Spain, there has been a significant decrease of emissions from fossil fuel burning sources. Particular emission reductions include those from the chimneys of coal power stations and from funeral pyres. The impact of wind power on sulfur emissions has been negligible due to its low electricity generating capacity.
  4. Wind power is one of the most widely used alternative energy sources. As mentioned earlier, many countries around the world utilize wind power to reduce their carbon footprint. Countries such as Spain, Denmark, Germany and many others use large scale wind farms to generate electricity.
  5. Wind power is clean and green. Wind power does not emit toxic chemicals into the air when generating electricity. The only byproduct of a wind turbine is carbon dioxide, which is released into the atmosphere during the combustion of fossil fuels.

However, this carbon dioxide emission is minimal compared to the tons of carbon dioxide that are emitted by coal fired power plants in one year.

  1. Wind turbines create local jobs and boost local economies through investment, manufacturing and installation of wind turbines in areas where they are used to generate electricity. The jobs created are well paying and go a long way in boosting the economy of local communities.

Disadvantages of Wind Power In Spain

  1. There are some concerns about how Spain’s weather patterns can be impacted by wind farms, as well as worries about the effect these massive farms will have on tourism in areas where they are sited. Many of those opposed to wind farming cite health concerns with having many wind turbines in close proximity to their homes.
  2. Also, if the number of wind farms do increase significantly, it could affect the country’s tourism industry by scaring away tourists who fear that they will be surrounded by these giant structures.
  3. Wind turbines have quite a high initial cost and are expensive to install. The price of wind power still remains higher than that of fossil fuels. The government or the local utility companies often subsidize the cost of installation in order for consumers to save money on their electricity bills.
  4. Although wind power is clean, green and non-polluting, there are community groups who oppose the use of wind farms to generate electricity due to the noise they produce while turning during strong winds.
  5. The efficiency of a wind turbine is only measured based on the amount of electricity it is able to generate during its lifetime and not by how long it can last before it needs replacement or repair due to wear and tear and other defects that could arise from normal usage or from lightning strikes or from extreme weather conditions during its lifetime.


The advantages and disadvantages of wind power in Spain are quite obvious. Spain has implemented wide spread use of wind power to create enough sustainable energy for local communities.

Not only is the installation of wind turbines and wind farms creating jobs directly, it is also boosting local communities by providing financial support to pay for the construction and expansion of wind farms.

There are some concerns with health risks with the increase in the amount of windmills throughout Spain. This is mainly due to small communities being located near these giant structures, which can cause some issues.

Additionally, if tourism suffers due to wind turbines being sited too close to popular tourist sites, government spending could suffer as a result because tax revenue will be lessened and businesses will suffer because they rely on tourism dollars to survive.

Darrieus rotor of a windmill

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